Who: American soldier and politician.
What: Five-star general in the United States Army, later 34th President of the United States.
Where: Born in Texas to a family of Pennsylvania Dutch and German ancestry.
Why: Famous initially for his soldiering, served as Supreme Commander of Allied Forces in Europe in the Second World War.
When: October 14, 1890 – March 28, 1969.
“Every gun that is made, every warship launched, every rocket fired, signifies in the final sense a theft from those who hunger and are not fed, those who are cold and are not clothed” – Dwight D. Eisenhower
Dwight David Eisenhower was born the third of seven sons. After excelling in sports in high school, he graduated from West Point in 1915, serving in the First World War training the new tank corps. From an early point in his career his organizational and leadership skills were apparent. By the attack on Pearl Harbor he had risen to the rank of Brigadier General, assigned to the General Staff in Washington drafting war plans for the defeat of Japan and Germany. Appointed Supreme Commander of the Allied Forces in North Africa he masterminded Operation Torch, the successful invasion of French North Africa in November 1942, eventually rising to become Supreme Allied Commander in Europe. He oversaw the initial invasion of Fortress Europe on D-Day in 1944, overseeing the Western Front until the end of the war in 1945. After stints as President of Columbia University and NATO Supreme Commander, he successful ran for the presidency of the United States in the 1952 election. His Presidency was remarkable, overseeing the end of the Korean War and the early stages of the Cold War, the Suez Crisis, the birth of the Space Race, construction of the Interstate Highway System and the admission of Alaska and Hawaii into the Union, bringing the number of states to 50, which it remains to this day. His Presidency was generally successful, frequently ranking in the top 10. He died in Washington DC of heart failure on March 28, 1969.