Who: Politician, Democratic Party.
What: 33rd President of the United States (1945-1953).
Where: Born in Lamar, Missouri, USA.
Why: Noted for his use of atomic weapons against Japan in August 1945.
When: Born May 8th, 1884, Died December 26th, 1972.
“If you can’t stand the heat, get out of the kitchen.” – Harry Truman
Harry Truman was a US politician who, as Vice-President, succeeded Franklin D. Roosevelt (FDR) on his death on April 12th, 1945, and subsequently defeated Republican Thomas E. Dewey in the 1948 presidential election. After growing up on a farm in Lamar Missouri, he served in France in the First World War. By the second, he was in charge of the Truman Committee, exposing waste and corruption with US government contracts, before a successful campaign as FDR’s running mate in the 1944 presidential election. After Roosevelt died, Truman became President, notably controversially authorizing the use of atomic weapons against Japan, helping found the UN and NATO, issuing the Truman doctrine to contain Communism and the Marshall Plan to rebuild war-torn Europe, the start of the Cold War and the Berlin Airlift, and finally the Korean War, in which he sent in U.S. troops and gained UN approval. Interestingly his middle initial didn’t stand for anything – his parents could not decide between Shipp (paternal grandfather’s name) and Solomon (maternal grandfather’s name), and so just left it at S.